Caesalpinia pulcherrima is a species of flowering plant in the pea family Fabaceae, native to the tropics and subtropics of the Americas. It is a shrub native to the tropics of the Americas with feathery foliage and beautiful, orchid-like, red-and-orange flowers that are held in long panicles. While evergreen in the tropics, it may be deciduous or partially so under cold or drought conditions. A popular, easy and fast growing ornamental for tropical and warm temperate climates in zone 9b+. In zone 8+ it will freeze back every winter but return in spring.
Common names for this species include poinciana, peacock flower, red bird of paradise, Mexican bird of paradise, dwarf poinciana, pride of Barbados, flos pavonis, and flamboyant-de-jardin.