Lungwort is an herbaceous evergreen or semi-evergreen, perennial rhizomatous plant that grows about one feet tall and wide. The plant is native to damp habitats and coastal areas in Europe, Asia and North America. The plant prefers fresh and shady areas, nutrient-rich and mostly calcareous, stony or pure clay loam soils. Basal leaves are green and often sharply defined white or pale green patches. Leaves may be covered with whitish-grey spots in the most species of lungwort and are quite hairy. Plant produces small bunches of flowers. Funnel-shaped 5-petals flowers are red or pink at first, later turn to blue-purple during the anthesis. Different colored flowers may be seen on the plant at the same time. Flowering normally takes place from March through May. Zone 4-7, has medicinal values.
Other: Common lungwort, Jerusalem Sage, Jerusalem Cowslip, Sage of Jerusalem, Pulmonaire, Sauge de Bethlehem, Coucou Bleu Lungenkraut, Spotted Dog, Soldiers and Sailors, Joseph and Mary, Bethlehem Sage, Our Lady’s Milk Drops, Spotted Lungwort, Oak Lungs, Herbe aux Poumons, Pulmonariae Herba, lung moss, spotted comfrey, Adam and Eve, Bedlam cowslip, Beggar’s basket, Bugloss cowslip, Lady’s cowslip, Lady’s milk, Mary’s honeysuckle, Mary’s tears and Virgin Mary’s honeysuckle.